Diabetes and its effects

Diabetes mellitus is a nutritional disorder, characterized by an abnormally elevated level of blood glucose and by the excretion of the excess glucose in the urine. It results from an absolute or relative lack of insulin which leads to abnormalities in carbohydrate metabolism as well as in the metabolism of protein and fat.

Diabetes is a disease known to the medical world since time immemorial. Its incidence, is however, much higher at present than ever in the past. This is especially true in case of more advanced countries of the world due to widespread affluence and more generous food supply.

The most commonly used screening tests are the determination of the fasting blood glucose level and the two-hour postprandial, that is after a meal. The normal fasting blood sugar content is 80 to 120 mg. per 100ml. of blood and this can go up to a level of 180 mg. per 100 ml. of blood two hours after meals. Anything above these norms can be termed diabetic levels.

Diabetes occurs in all age groups, from young infants to the elderly. The greatest incidence occurs in middle or order aged persons. It is estimated that 80 to 85 per cent of all individuals with diabetes mellitus are 45 years of age or older.

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IPL organisers work hard to change the schedule

With the Indian Premier League being thrown into the jeopardy, the organisers have started the cumbersome process of re-working the dates in a bid to salvage the high profile Twenty20 cricket event starting next month.

The tournament, coinciding with the general elections, has run into the rough weather after the Home Ministry asked the organisers to redraw the schedule as it was not feasible to hold matches under the existing fixtures because of security reasons.

IPL Commissioner Lalit Modi and CEO Sundar Raman, who air-dashed to the capital from Mumbai last night, spent the entire day here having meetings to find a way out of the imbroligo.

“We are working on a new schedule. Hopefully, everything will be sorted out”, IPL Tournament Dhiraj Malhotra said.

But even as frantic discussions were going on, IPL received another jolt with Bangalore Police declining to provide security cover for the Tournament till May 3 and advised the organisers to hold all the matches after May 4.

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Vitamins and their importance

The word “Vitamine”, meaning a vital amine was proposed by a Polish researcher Dr. Cacimir Funk, in 1911 to designate a new food substance which cured berri-berri. Other terms were proposed as new factors were discovered, but the word vitamin, with the final “e” dropped, met with popular favour.

Vitamins are potent organic compounds which are found in small concentration in foods. They perform specific and vital functions in the body chemistry.

Vitamins, which are of several kinds, differ from each other in physiological function, in chemical structure and in their distribution in food. They are broadly divided into two categories, namely fat-soluble and water soluble. Vitamins A, D, E and K are all soluble in fat and fat solvents, and are therefore, known as fat-soluble. They are not easily lost by ordinary cooking methods and they can be stored in the body to some extent, mostly in the liver. They are measured in International units.

Vitamins, used therapeutically, can be of immense help in fighting disease and speeding recovery. They can be used in two ways, namely, correcting deficiencies and treating disease in place of drugs.

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