Let us know something about Middle-Ear Infection

The ear is the organ of hearing and one of the most important parts of the body. It is divided into three parts, known as the external part, middle part or drum and the internal part. Ear is a very sensitive organ and its inner surface is inaccessible. It is therefore necessary to deal with the disorders of this organ promptly. The most serious of these disorders is middle-ear infection, known as otitis media in medical parlance.

In otitis media, inflammation occurs on that portion of the ear which is directly behind the ear drum. There is discharge of pus into the outer ear. As the condition progresses, the inner ear becomes seriously affected, and hearing is considerably impaired. In case of children, suppuration may start slowly without any reason. If the suppuration is left unattended, it may result in deafness.

Middle-ear infection generally follows the infection of upper respiratory tract. The swelling of the mucosa in the throat blocks the Eustachian tube which connects the ears with the throat and nose. This cause pus to collect in the middle ear cavity.

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Be careful of Multiple Sclerosis

Multiple sclerosis is a baffling and unpredictable disease of the central nervous system. It is a chronic, progressive and demyelinating disease. It destroys the covering or insulating material around the nervous fibres, known as myeline. The central nervous system is the nerve center of the body. It is usually defined as the brain and spinal cord. It is linked with most nerve systems in the body, and some nerve from it continue on into parts of the body outside the brain and spinal cord.

It is a wonderfully efficient system as with the help of other nerve systems, it is constantly at work transmitting message into and out of the brain and spinal cord to and from all parts of the body 24 hours a day, even during sleep. Even the simplest action may involve scores of messages to different muscle fibres. In multiple sclerosis, these messages do not travel through the central nervous system properly and are slowed, distorted or, in some cases, blocked completely due to damage to the nerve tissue.

The disease is called multiple because many parts of the brain and spinal cord are affected. It is called sclerosis because the disease involves ‘sclerosed’ or hardened tissue in damaged areas of the brain and spinal cord. The disease usually affects people between the ages of 20 and 50 years, but can also occur before 20 or after 50 years. It is, however, not found for the first time in people over 55 years, or before adolescence. Women are slightly more affected by this disease than men.

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What are Mumps?

Mumps or the epidemic Parotitis refers to a virus infection of the salivary glands, gonads, and occasionally other parts of the body. It is a contagious disease that occurs most frequently in children and young people aged between the ages of five and fifteen years. The disease spreads from children to children in school and hence, children are most easily affected. Most people have mumps only once in their lives, but only one person in ten may have a second attack.

The first sign of mumps is swelling and pain. The pain is first felt under one ear with stiffness of the neck and jaw. There is a slight fever which subsides in three or four days. The swelling appears first under one jaw and then extends under the other jaw. The gland becomes tender on pressure. Mastication and swallowing becomes difficult due to the pressure of the swelling.

Mumps are caused by a virus which attacks the salivary glands of the mouth, particularly the parotid glands located on each side of the face just below and in front of the ear. The infecting organism is paramyxovirus. After a person is exposed to a case of mumps, it takes about two weeks for the disease to appear. Dietetic errors are at the root of the trouble.

The patient should be pit in the bed for several days until the temperature returns to normal. He should be kept on a diet of orange juice diluted with warm water on a 50:50 basis for a few days. If the orange juice does not suit, the juices of other fruits such as apple, pineapple or grapes can be given. The warm water enema should be used daily during this period. Hot and cold fomentations should be applied every two hours during the day for about 10 minutes, and should consist of two or three hot applications, followed by a cold one. The mouth should be cleaned with an antiseptic wash.

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